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Facts About The Nile River

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The Nile River is considered to be the longest river in the known world reaching a distance of 4,132 miles (6,650 km). It is an African river that stretches through many of the continents countries. It is because of this river that every year the grass will grow healthily and sporadically as it should because of how the river chooses to flood at specific points in the year. Thankfully, none of the flooding does much damage to local areas which is why the river is such an abundant resource for all of Africa. Here are a few facts about the Nile River that will help you understand why it is such a keepsake of the African people.

Map of the Nile RiverNile River map. © Hel-hama.

Fun facts

The Nile is a north flowing river and have 2 tributaries, the White Nile and the Blue Nile. The maximum width of the Nile is 2 miles (2.8 km) wide with an average discharge of 2,830 cubic meter per second (99,941 cubic feet per second). The size of the Nile basin is 1,312,747 square miles (3,400,000 km2) or about 10% of the size of Africa.

How many times has the river frozen?

Only twice in its recorded history, one time in the year 829 and once more in 1010, those winters were perhaps some of the coldest winters in Africa’s known history, especially if it froze an over four thousand mile long river.

It stretches into Egypt?

Yes it does and it has been one of Egypt’s most reliable sources allowing the citizens very comparable drinking water as well as the river flooding into the crops to keep them moist and continually growing on an annual basis.

What ocean does this river flow into?

That would be the Mediterranean Sea.

What other countries does it stretch into?

This huge river goes into parts of 11 countries such as Tanzania, Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Kenya, Ethiopia, Eritrea, South Sudan, Sudan and Egypt. In comparison to the United States rivers only going through specific states. The fact that this river goes through specific countries shows just how large it is.

What does Nile mean?

Nile means “Valley” which is taken from the Greek word known as “neilos”.

Why do some people call it the Black River?

Some people call it the black river because it leaves behind very dark looking sediments on the land after its annual flood. In their language, it would be referred to as the Aur (which means black) River, due to this black, dark nature left behind.