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Facts About North America

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The North America is a continent located at the northern and western hemisphere of the Earth. It is the northern continent of the Americas. It has the North Atlantic Ocean on the east, Arctic Ocean on the north, the Caribbean Sea on the southeast. On the western side, you have the North Pacific Ocean on the west and South America on the southeast.

North America continentMap of North America continent.

Size of the continent

The total land area of the North America is 24,709,000 square kilometers. Area wise, it is the 3rd largest continent in the world. As of 2008, the total population of the continent is about 528,720,588, which is the 4th largest in the world. The population density is approximately 22.9 per square kilometer, which is the largest for any continent in the world. The North America continent consists of 23 countries. The Unites States of America, one of the most powerful country in the world, is situated in the North America continent.

Central America continentMap of Central America continent.

Fun facts

Death Valley, California is the lowest point in North America. The temperatures can vary from anywhere between 100° F during daytime to the low 30° F during nighttime. A trip from San Francisco to New York via Cape Horn in South America would take 22,500 km or 14,000 miles. With the Panama Canal, the trip will only be 9,500 km or 5,900 miles. That is a savings of 13,000 km or 8,100 miles. In terms of shipping time saved, it would be around 14 to 16 days.

Panama CanalThe Panama Canal shipping route.

How it got its name?

The term America was named after Amerigo Vespucci, a famous Italian explorer. When Christopher Columbus discovered America, he though it was India, therefore named it East Indies. Amerigo was the first European to discover and suggest that America was not a part of Indian subcontinent and due to his contribution, two German cartographers, Matthias Ringmann and Martin Waldseemüller, came up with the term America.

Extreme points

Mexico City, Mexico is the largest city on the continent. The highest point of the continent is the Mount McKinley located in Alaska, US. The lowest point of the North America is also located in the US, which is Death Valley in California. English, Spanish and French are some of the most common languages of the North America.

Facts on other North American countries

Costa Rica
Puerto Rico
Saint Lucia

More: Facts about South America.