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Facts About Mountains

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It is thought between 8 and 12% of the world’s population lives on mountains. All of the world’s major rivers start on a mountain. Over half of the world’s freshwater comes from mountains. Did you know that Hawaii is actually on top of a volcanic mountain? If you are interested in learning more interesting facts about, you should continue reading.

Mount EverestAerial photo of Mount Everest from south facing north.

What is a mountain?

A mountain is considered to be bigger than a hill. Although a hill in one country might be a mountain. In the US, however, it is thought that a mountain has to be at least 300 meters or 1,000 feet tall. There are five types of mountains; plateau, block, volcanic, fold and dome. They have steeper sides than a hill.

Mountain distribution

Did you know that mountains exist on every continent? Out of all of the countries in the world, 75% of them actually contain at least one mountain. About 24% of the world is covered in mountains. Mid-ocean ridge is the world’s longest, continuous mountain range is actually located under the sea and stretches over 40,400 miles (65,000 km)!

The summit of ChimborazoThe summit of Chimborazo. Photo taken by David Torres Costales.

Tall mountains

Did you know that the world’s 100 or so tallest mountains on Earth are all located in Asia? Over 90 of them are actually located in the Himalayas. Mount Everest is the world’s largest mountain with its base on land. However, if you include under sea level then mount Mauna Kea is the tallest mountain, at 10,203 m (33,474 ft) from the Pacific Ocean floor, it is also what makes up the big island of Hawaii. If you are measuring from the center of the Earth, then the world’s tallest mountain is located in Ecuador and is call Chimborazo. This mountain stands 6,384.4 km (3,967.1 mi) from the Earth’s center, making it the farthest point from the center of the Earth and also the closest to the Sun.

Interesting facts

The world’s longest mountain chain on Earth is 7,000 km (4,350 mi) long, the Andes. Most mountains contain a timberline; typically there is no vegetation growth above this line. The taller mountains contain snow on top including mountains in Africa. The tallest plateau mountain is in Tibet, China. However, the largest plateau mountain is in Colorado, US.

Facts about specific mountains

  1. Rocky Mountain
  2. Mt Saint Helens
  3. Mount Rushmore
  4. Mount Everest facts