Facts About Grassland
Posted In: Geography.
Grasslands are a transition space between deserts and forest. The grasslands have many kinds of wildlife that call the grassland home. Grasslands are on all of the continents except for Antarctica. If the grasslands received any more rain, they would become forest and if the grasslands had less rain, they would then be deserts. Read on to find out more.
What is a grassland?
Grassland is a transition biome between forests and deserts. Grassland can be found in central North America, central and southern of South America, most of middle and south of Africa, central Asia and east of Australia. Grassland are also known with other names such as shrubland and savanna. There are two different types of grasslands, temperate and tropical. Tropical grasslands are in the southern hemisphere, and temperate grasslands are in the northern hemisphere.
Tropical grasslands are located in the southern hemisphere. They have two seasons; dry season and rainy season. During the dry season, the grass doesn’t grow due to the lack of water to help sustain growth. The grass of tropical grasslands can get up to seven feet tall. This type of grassland is home to elephants, lions, and hyenas, along with many more animals.
Temperate grasslands are located in the northern hemisphere. They receive an average rainfall between 10 and 30 inches a year. The grass is shorter than tropical grassland. The two seasons for the temperate grasslands are dormant and growing. During the dormant seasons, the grass doesn’t grow. The temperature gets too cold, freezes and there is snow. The dirt in the grassland is very fertile and is best for farming. Much of the United States’ grassland have been destroyed as they are turned into farmland. The temperate grasslands are home to animals like deer and jack rabbits.
The government of Africa have created national parks to help preserve its grasslands. In the US, grass is being planted in areas that were once farmlands. The grassland of the US once had millions of bison that roamed it freely. Grasslands are burned to keep trees and bushes from taking over and also to help expand the grasslands. Grassland are also known with names such as prairies, steppes, and savannas.