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Facts About Ancient Rome

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Rome had many interesting and odd practices. For instance, they would place a new born at the feet of the father, if he picked the child up he was accepting the child as his own. If he did not pick up the child it was left to die. To help calm a baby it was thought that putting goat dung in the baby’s diaper would help soothe it to sleep. They had gods for doors, thresholds and hinges. Find out more about Ancient Rome by reading on.

The ColosseumColosseum, largest amphitheater ever built by the Romans. It is a popular tourist attraction and is considered as the symbol of Ancient Rome architecture.


On opening day of the Colosseum there was over 9,000 animals slaughtered. There was also a covering for the roof that would stretch over the top to keep the spectators in the shade. In the arches under the seats were cooks and prostitutes that were there to service spectators other needs. The Colosseum was so massive it could hold 55,000 people; however the exiting time was only three minutes.

The PantheonA true engineering & architectural marvel, the Pantheon. It is built using concrete to create the largest dome in the ancient world. It still holds the world record for the largest unreinforced concrete dome in the world!

Fun facts

Ancient Rome began in 753 BC and lasted about 12 centuries. It is one of the largest empire in the ancient world. At its height, between the first and second centuries AD, there between 50 to 90 million people in Ancient Rome, which is about 20% of the world’s population at the time. The empire was about 6.5 million square kilometers (2.5 million square miles) wide. Augustus was the first Roman Emperor.

Aqueduct of Segovia Aqueduct of Segovia. Aqueducts were important during Ancient Rome as it brings water to cities for daily use. It allows Rome to grow and accommodate large amount of people.


Slaves accounts for 40% of the roman population. It was considered extreme poverty to not own a slave. Slaves were either captured during battles, bought from slave sellers, or even abandoned Roman babies. Slaves also had their hair removed to make wigs for roman upper class. Slaves were forced to battle in the Colosseum to the death including female slaves.


Gladiators were forced to battle to the death. They were also forced to battle lions and rhinoceros. To die honorably the defeated gladiator held the thighs of the victor while the victor shoved their sword into the defeated gladiator’s neck. To make sure they were not faking their death they would be touched with a hot iron and smacked with a mallet.

Arch of Titus (triumphal arches) and Tower of Hercules (lighthouse)Other architectures: Arch of Titus (triumphal arches, left) and Tower of Hercules (lighthouse, right).

Random facts

Many of the roads that ancient Romans built are still in existence today. Forms of contraception included wads of wool, olive oil, and even honey. It was believed that honey bees were a sign of good luck. Eagles were released at the funeral of a emperor in belief the eagle would carry their soul all the way to heaven.

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Now that you have learn great things about the Ancient Rome city, you can learn more about the Roman people as well.